In 1793, in the middle of the French Revolution, the Musée du Louvre
opened its doors—transforming a private palace into a public museum. Art was mobilized to embody the government’s movement from a monarchy to a democracy. An art collection, previously privately owned, was now shared publicly. Inside, civic, ﬁnancial (via taxation), and social relationships between the state and museum-goer arguably stirred a sense of mutual agency, responsibility, and collectivity. In stark contrast, today we see a drive on the part of many governments toward private interests in nearly all aspects of our lives—from art, to housing, to health care, to education. What we are experiencing right now feels like a near reversal of the Louvre’s gesture—a turn away from a collectively owned culture.